Q:

What are the uses of pentane?

A:

Quick Answer

According to the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, pentane is an organic liquid used as an ingredient for petrol fuel and as a solvent. This chemical has some pollutant properties, but it is widely used in industrial and scientific settings.

Continue Reading
What are the uses of pentane?
Credit: LAGUNA DESIGN Science Photo Library Getty Images

Full Answer

While petrol itself is considered a pollutant, pentane has been used in various processes such as plastic foam filling as a replacement for other chemicals deemed more of an environmental risk, such as hydrofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons. Although pentane itself may be damaging to wildlife, common environmental levels are not high enough to cause any harm.

According to Wikipedia, pentane has properties similar to butanes and hexanes, and it is often used to create specialty solvents for laboratory use. Due to the affordability and abundance of pentane and its volatile alkaline properties, the substance is a popular choice for laboratories. Pentane is used to dissolve non-polar compounds and often plays an important role in liquid chromatography experiments. Wikipedia notes that the industrial uses of pentane include various blowing agents used in the production of polystyrene foam. Because the substance has a low boiling point and is relatively safe, it is also used as a medium for geothermal power stations and some refrigerant blends. Additionally, pentane can be found in some commercially used pesticides.

Learn more about Chemistry

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some uses of methylamine?

    A:

    Methylamines are used to manufacture herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, choline chloride, electrical equipment, fuel additives, paper, explosives, pharmaceuticals, soaps, detergents and water treatment chemicals. The simplest form, methylamine, is typically made by the reaction of methanol and ammonia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the uses of methane?

    A:

    Methane is utilized as fuel and in chemical reactions to produce commercially used chemicals such as carbon tetrachloride, carbon black and as a source of hydrogen. Methane reacts at high temperatures with steam to yield the hydrogen used in the manufacturing of explosives and ammonia-based fertilizers.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the uses of petrol?

    A:

    Petroleum is used to make fuels, oils, fertilizers, pesticides and the petrochemicals present in a wide variety of other products. Many business sectors rely on petroleum, including the fashion, art, agriculture, health care and transportation industries.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the ingredients of petrol?

    A:

    Petrol, which is also known as gasoline, is a carbon-based fuel mixture that is composed of over 150 individual chemicals. The primary ingredient in petrol is processed crude oil, but some of its other chief constituents are benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylene. Additionally, lubricants, anti-icing chemicals and anti-rusting compounds are also present in most petrol. Different petrol-producing companies produce different proprietary blends.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore