There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
A:While some toads live near water, many prefer to live in drier climates. This factor distinguishes toads from most other types of frogs, which prefer to live near water. Toads have rougher, dryer skin than frogs, which enables them to live farther from bodies of water.
A:A wild baby toad's diet varies by species, but the majority of them rely on small insects and invertebrates as a primary food source. Worms, spiders, crickets, ants and virtually any tiny animal that they can catch and swallow whole are consumed by baby frogs.
A:Some general characteristics of amphibians are that they are cold blooded and spend at least part of their lives in water. Unlike reptiles, they lack claws and their smooth, moist skin is free of scales. Amphibians also lay jelly-covered eggs in a watery medium, whether it's a still pond or the leaves of a water plant like water hyacinth.
A:Tadpoles breathe through the gills by moving their throat through regular rhythmic movements, known as pulsing. They can also breathe through lungs, according to Natural History. When they metamorphose into frogs, they eventually lose their gills and start breathing through the lungs or through the skin.
A:The American alligator is a large, heavily armored reptile armed with sharp claws, a strong tail and an enormously powerful set of jaws lined with conical teeth. As apex predators, alligators have no natural enemies but can rely on these features for defense.
A:Most fish breed by spawning, or laying eggs, according to Petalia. Some fish species give birth to live babies. Spawning fish reproduce when males fertilize the eggs after they are laid, while livebearing females are directly fertilized by the males.
A:Birds lay eggs, although there are other egg-laying animals, including two mammals: the duckbill platypus and the echidna. These two creatures are natives of Australia. Scientists call these primitive egg-laying mammals monotremes.
A:There are few observable traits distinguishing migrating animals from non-migratory species. Many birds, such as Arctic terns, mallards and bar-tailed godwits migrate across vast distances, while some of their close relatives remain in the same place all year. There are species of birds, fish, mammals, and even reptiles and amphibians that migrate each year.
A:Rabbits in the wild mate continuously throughout their breeding season, which lasts from February through September. Female rabbits ovulate after they mate and are considered to be constantly fertile.
A:Turkey eggs hatch between 25 and 31 days after being laid. Turkeys lay between 4 and 17 eggs once per year. They can breed within their first year, but males typically do not because they must compete for mates with older males.
A:Some snakes reproduce by laying eggs while other species give birth to live young. How snakes reproduce depends on the species and also the location. In cooler regions of the world, snakes reproduce only in spring and summer, while in warm regions they may reproduce all year long.
A:Project Beak advises that a bird uses its beak to capture food, gather materials for its nest, drink water, feed its young and preen itself. Birds also use their beaks for protection against potential predators.
A:The swan is generally considered to be the bird with the most feathers, with a specific type of tundra swan boasting more than 25,000 individual feathers. This is a lot compared with the average for birds, which is closer to just 1,000 to 2,000 feathers per bird.
A:The most common domesticated bird in the world is the domesticated chicken, and the most common wild bird is the house sparrow. As of 2011, there were 50 billion chickens and 1.5 billion house sparrows in the world.
A:The northern cardinal inhabits the southeastern half of the United States and portions of Mexico and Central America. An incredibly adaptable species, the cardinal utilizes a variety of different habitats throughout this range. Cardinals are observed in forests, fields and meadows, as well as in disturbed habitats such as residential areas, municipal parks and urban forests. In fact, cardinals often increase in number when humans develop an area.
A:About 10-20% of people get bitten by mosquitoes more than others, and it’s probably not because they’re "so sweet," like their grandmothers keep telling them. Genetics are the main reason mosquitoes prefer biting some people over others, but there are other circumstantial factors that come into play.
A:The Giant Asian praying mantis, also known as Hierodula membranacea, is a large winged insect of the mantidae animal family. Males can grow to be 3 inches long, whereas females can reach closer to 3.5 inches. The reference to praying in the mantis' name describes the positioning of the front limbs on the insect, rather than the carnivorous characteristics of the animal.
A:The fastest insect known to man is a species of Australian tiger beetle known as Cicindela hudsoni, which was recorded at 5.6 miles per hour. The next fastest is another Australian tiger beetle, Cicindela eburneola, which was observed in the same study to have a top speed of 4.2 miles per hour.
A:The Armadillidiidae vulgare, known commonly as a potato bug or pill bug, has a diverse diet that includes decaying matter, vegetables, cardboard and even their own fecal waste. Eating their own fecal matter provides them with a consistent recycling of the mineral copper, which they need to survive.
A:If the head of a tick breaks off and remains under the skin, it eventually disengages itself and falls off without further action. The head cannot transmit Lyme disease on its own, as the organisms that cause the illness are in the tick's stomach.