Pets & Animals

A:

Many species of snake are nocturnal, so they sleep during the day and remain awake throughout the night. Snakes evade larger predators and hunt prey of their own during this time.

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    • What is a dusky salamander?

      Q: What is a dusky salamander?

      A: Dusky salamanders are lungless salamanders that have olive, gray or reddish-brown coloring. Their hind legs are larger than the front ones, and they possess 14 grooves on the body and legs.
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    • What do wild baby toads eat?

      Q: What do wild baby toads eat?

      A: A wild baby toad's diet varies by species, but the majority of them rely on small insects and invertebrates as a primary food source. Worms, spiders, crickets, ants and virtually any tiny animal that they can catch and swallow whole are consumed by baby frogs.
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    • What do horned toads eat?

      Q: What do horned toads eat?

      A: Horned toads primarily eat ants, but they may also eat grasshoppers, beetles and spiders. Horned toads raised as pets also eat crickets and may also benefit from a vitamin or calcium substitute.
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    • What animals eat salamanders?

      Q: What animals eat salamanders?

      A: Some of the animals that eat salamanders include wild turkey, hawks, common crows, barred owls, raccoons, shrews, chipmunks, snakes, skunks, and any other animal that can find them under rocks, wood or running along in the leaves. There are many species of salamander living in a variety of locations across the country, making them an attractive food source for a wide range of small animals that like live prey.
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    • Do salamanders bite?

      Q: Do salamanders bite?

      A: In rare circumstances, salamanders are known to bite humans. These amphibians only bite if they are under a lot of stress, and they may nip at a human if they are handled in a way that causes distress.
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    • Do toads live in the water?

      Q: Do toads live in the water?

      A: While some toads live near water, many prefer to live in drier climates. This factor distinguishes toads from most other types of frogs, which prefer to live near water. Toads have rougher, dryer skin than frogs, which enables them to live farther from bodies of water.
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    • How do insects reproduce?

      Q: How do insects reproduce?

      A: Depending on the species, insects may reproduce either sexually or asexually. Sexual reproduction requires one egg from a female and a sperm from a male. The sperm fertilizes the egg, which resides in the female through its term to hatch insects when the growth and development stage is complete.
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    • How many white rhinos are left in the world?

      Q: How many white rhinos are left in the world?

      A: According to the World Wildlife Fund, there are more than 20,000 southern white rhinos in the world, but only four northern white rhinos, as of 2014. The majority of these two subspecies, which are genetically different, live in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Kenya.
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    • What animal has the largest litter?

      Q: What animal has the largest litter?

      A: The common tenrec — a hedgehog-like creature from Madagascar — produces the largest litters among mammals. The average litter of this small animal includes approximately 18 young, but litters up to 32 have been recorded. Tiger snakes also produce very large litters; the largest ever recorded contained 126 baby snakes.
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    • What is the cause of phantom pregnancy in dogs?

      Q: What is the cause of phantom pregnancy in dogs?

      A: According to PetMD, phantom pregnancy in dogs, also known as false pregnancy or pseudopregnancy, is most likely caused by hormonal imbalances, especially of progesterone and prolactin. The female dog starts showing pregnancy symptoms or begins lactating within a month or two after her latest heat cycle (estrus) concludes.
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    • What is the difference between spay and neuter?

      Q: What is the difference between spay and neuter?

      A: Spaying and neutering are both procedures used to sterilize animals like dogs and cats, but spaying refers to the procedure done to female animals while neutering is the corresponding process for males. Spaying involves taking out the uterus and ovaries while male pets are neutered by taking out the testicles.
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    • How do snails mate?

      Q: How do snails mate?

      A: According to About.com, most land snails are hermaphrodites. Following courtship in early summer, a pair of snails inseminate each other through a reproductive opening located near the front of the body, resulting in fertilized eggs.
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    • What is the difference between a crow and a blackbird?

      Q: What is the difference between a crow and a blackbird?

      A: There are several differences between a crow and a blackbird. The two types of birds live in different ranges, are different sizes, have different beaks, tails and plumage and have different behaviors and vocalizations.
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    • Where do blue egrets live?

      Q: Where do blue egrets live?

      A: Egrets are confused with herons. Great egrets are white and are different from the great blue heron. Egrets live throughout the United States during migration, in South America in the winter and in the Caribbean year-round. Blue herons can be found throughout most of North America, and they prefer coastlines.
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    • Why can't ostriches fly?

      Q: Why can't ostriches fly?

      A: Ostriches lack the ability to fly because their wings are far too small to generate sufficient lift for their 200-pound bodies. This is the same reason that their relatives, called the ratites, lack the capacity for flight. To cope with such an apparent competitive disadvantage, these birds have evolved large size and great speed. All ratites live in the Southern Hemisphere, and scientists believe that they share a common ancestor.
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    • How can you teach bird identification?

      Q: How can you teach bird identification?

      A: Some basic techniques to teach identification include studying the different groupings of birds, observing birds, exploring bird identification resources and learning about specific birds to build overall bird knowledge. Birds are all categorized into groups with other birds sharing similar characteristics. Starting by studying basic bird groupings is a valuable step in bird identification. Ornithology is the official name of the study of birds.
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    • What are the differences between male and female canaries?

      Q: What are the differences between male and female canaries?

      A: There are three ways to differentiate between male and female canaries: genital inspection, color appearance and early song. Breeder Sebastian Vallelunga considers inspecting a sexually mature canary to be a virtually foolproof method, the male having a pseudo-penis that protrudes from his vent, while a female has a round dome protruding above the vent. Females ready to breed have an even, torpedo-shaped belly that narrows at one end.
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    • How do birds breathe?

      Q: How do birds breathe?

      A: While birds inhale oxygen and expel carbon dioxide through their mouth or nostrils just as mammals do, their respiratory systems are more complex than those of other animals. Birds feature organs called air sacs that connect to their lungs. These air sacs extend into some of the hollow bones of birds and increase the amount of gas inside their bodies at all times.
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    • Do stink bugs bite?

      Q: Do stink bugs bite?

      A: According to Orkin, stink bugs do not typically bite people. Even so, they are often considered pests because they feed on both ornamental plants, garden produce and crops. In addition, they sometimes find shelter inside houses for the winter, living inside walls or crawl spaces.
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    • What is an albino praying mantis?

      Q: What is an albino praying mantis?

      A: Young praying mantids molt about ten times as they grow toward adulthood. After each molt, the mantis is a pure white color and looks like an albino. However, the white coloration only lasts a short period of time and soon the mantis darkens into a brown or green color.
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    • How many bugs do you eat while sleeping?

      Q: How many bugs do you eat while sleeping?

      A: As of 2014, there have been no conclusive studies conducted that determine how many insects are swallowed by humans. The actual probability of a person swallowing an insect while asleep is low, as most insects view humans as predators and do their best to avoid them.
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    • What do leaf insects eat?

      Q: What do leaf insects eat?

      A: Leaf insects eat blackberry brambles and rose, oak and evergreen oak leaves. Leaf insects are herbivorous, which means that they consume only plant material.
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    • What do pill bugs eat?

      Q: What do pill bugs eat?

      A: The Armadillidiidae vulgare, known commonly as a potato bug or pill bug, has a diverse diet that includes decaying matter, vegetables, cardboard and even their own fecal waste. Eating their own fecal matter provides them with a consistent recycling of the mineral copper, which they need to survive.
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    • What is a Sun Scorpion?

      Q: What is a Sun Scorpion?

      A: Sun scorpion is another name for a camel spider. The camel spider is not truly a spider; it is an arachnid known as a solpugid. These animals are closely related to scorpions and spiders, but they do not sting or carry venom.
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