Q:

What are some uses of caustic soda?

A:

Quick Answer

Caustic soda, or sodium hydroxide, is used in the manufacture of plastic wrap, soap and paper and is the major ingredient in most oven cleaners and liquid drain cleaners. In chemical manufacturing, it is used in metal processing, oil refining and water treatment. Commercially, it is generally used as either a solid, or a 50-percent aqueous solution.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

As its name implies, caustic soda is caustic and one of many alkaline compounds that are referred to as lye. NaOH, or pure sodium hydroxide, at room temperature is an odorless, white solid.

Caustic soda should be used with caution, as it is an alkaline corrosive that can be hazardous. When it reacts with moisture in the air, it dissolves, generating heat. This heat may cause nearby flammable materials to ignite, resulting in a fire. It should be safely stored in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place, away from oxidizing or organic materials. It should not be allowed to come into contact with metal powders or acids.

Although caustic soda is not a systemic toxin, it is however extremely corrosive and can cause severe burns to body tissues. The eyes are particularly at risk, as caustic soda is able to hydrolyze protein, which is often the cause of severe eye damage.

Learn more about Chemistry

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the uses of pentane?

    A:

    According to the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, pentane is an organic liquid used as an ingredient for petrol fuel and as a solvent. This chemical has some pollutant properties, but it is widely used in industrial and scientific settings.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some uses of methylamine?

    A:

    Methylamines are used to manufacture herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, choline chloride, electrical equipment, fuel additives, paper, explosives, pharmaceuticals, soaps, detergents and water treatment chemicals. The simplest form, methylamine, is typically made by the reaction of methanol and ammonia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do you neutralize caustic soda?

    A:

    Caustic soda is an inorganic compound that is a metallic base neutralized by acidic substances. The chemical name for caustic soda is sodium hydroxide, and it has the chemical formula NaOH. It is also known as lye.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some products that contain Bisphenol A?

    A:

    Bisphenol A, or BPA for short, may be present in canned foods sealed with a BPA sealant, hard clear plastic bottles or containers, plastic wrap and bags, baby bottles and components, and plastic dinnerware and plates. Other items that may contain BPA include non-stick cookware, plastic cleaning products, toilet and tissue paper, and thermal paper such as cash register receipts. Baby bottles and sippy cups manufactured before July 2011 and water bottles made before July 2012 may contain BPA.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore