Butane is often used in cigarette lighters and portable cooking stoves. It is also used as a heating fuel, a coolant, and a propellant in aerosols.Continue Reading
Butane is a highly flammable gas, which makes it ideal to be used for heating; it is often sold bottled for use in outdoor grills or camping stoves. When it was determined that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) depleted the ozone layer, butane became a replacement material to act as a propellant in aerosol spray cans.
When butane is inhaled, it can cause a sense of euphoria and hallucinations. As a result, it is often abused through intentional inhalation, commonly known as 'huffing.' Butane is known to cause "sudden sniffer's death," an immediate and sudden fatal condition that is usually a result of asphyxiation or ventricular fibrillation.Learn more about Chemistry
While both propane and butane are hydrocarbon gases, propane has the chemical formula C3H8, while butane has the chemical formula C4H10. Propane has a boiling point of approximately minus 44 degrees Fahrenheit, while butane has a boiling point of 30 to 34 degrees Fahrenheit, making propane more useful as a fuel in colder weather.Full Answer >
The flame of a lighter contains butane fuel, which burns at 3,578 degrees Fahrenheit in ideal conditions. Lighters can also use naphtha as fuel, which burns at 2,012 degrees Fahrenheit.Full Answer >
The density of butane is 2.48 grams per cubic centimeter when the substance is at standard temperature and pressure conditions. The density is determined by dividing the mass in grams by the volume in cubic centimeters.Full Answer >
The chemical formula of butane is C4H10. This four-carbon compound is classified as an alkane, so its structure follows the generic formula CnH2n+2. The structure of butane is written as follows: CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3.Full Answer >