Albert Einstein studied physics. He became famous for developing the theory of relativity and for conducting extensive research on the Brownian movement of molecules and the thermal properties of light. In 1921, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Einstein's theory of relativity plays an essential role in modern physics. Einstein used the relativity principle to develop his theory of gravitation. He also studied Newtonian mechanics, statistical mechanics and the theory of radiation. In 1911, the German scientist became a professor of theoretical physics at Prague, but he also taught at Zurich and Berlin. He received honorary doctorate degrees in multiple fields, including medicine, science and philosophy and was one of the first faculty members of the Institute for Advanced Study.