What Are the Two Main Groups of Minerals?

What Are the Two Main Groups of Minerals?

The two main groups of minerals are the silicates, which are formed from oxygen and silicone, and the non-silicates, which are not composed of silicone and oxygen. Silicate minerals are the largest class of minerals, while non-silicate minerals vary greatly with regard to structure and composition.

The oxygen and silicone found in silicates gives these minerals a distinct structure known as the silicone-oxygen tetrahedron. As a whole, the tetrahedron has a negative charge and is able to link with other tetrahedrons.

Non-silicates lack the silicone-oxygen tetrahedron and do not possess an identifying formation. The non-silicate groups are created by varying geological processes and contain an assortment of elements that influence the mineral's structure.