A trabeculated bladder is the result of repeated obstructions in the urethra, which cause reduced tone in the muscular wall of the bladder, according to the Free Dictionary. The reduced muscular tone makes the bladder difficult to empty and may lead to infection in the urinary tract.
During trabeculation, the bladder wall thickens as the muscles work to overcome the obstructions in the urethra, according to Spinal Hub. The thickened muscular wall is the result of an enlargement of the muscular sleeve surrounding the bladder and can result in loss of elasticity.
Urinary obstruction is detected by a decreased urine flow and pain, according to Medscape. Those concerned about urinary obstruction should consult with a urologist to perform a physical examination, urinalysis, and an ultrasound of the bladder and urethra to detect the presence of an obstruction that may lead to trabeculation if left untreated.
Bladder obstructions are treated by a physician dependent on the nature of the obstruction. A catheter may be used to empty the bladder and resolve the obstruction, or surgery may be necessary in cases of large kidney stones, suggests Medscape. Chronic untreated bladder obstructions may result in trabeculation. Some symptoms of trabeculation include pain, acute and chronic renal failure and reoccurring urinary tract infections.