The tiger's kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species, referred to as its taxonomy, is the kingdom animalia, the phylum chordata (which may also be called vertebrata), the class mammalia, the order carnivora, the family felidae, the genus panthera and the species p. tigris. Within the p. tigris species there are 10 sub-species.
The sub-species of the tiger include the p. t. tigris, p. t. corbetti, p. t. jacksoni, p. t. sumatrae, p. t. altaica, p. t. amoyensis, p. t. virgata, p. t. balica, p. t. sondaica and the p. t. trinilensis. The tiger shares a similar taxonomy with other large cats, including lions, panthers, leopards and jaguars, all of which belong to the genus panthera (from the Greek for "predator of all animals"). The family felidae includes all cats, even the smaller species of ocelots, domestic cats, lynxes and cougars. The order carnivora includes mammal species that mostly eat meat and includes over 280 species. The class mammalia includes all mammals, excluding reptiles, birds and insects. The phylum vertebrata includes all animals with a backbone, excluding invertebrates. It covers over 75,000 species. Finally, the kingdom animalia refers to all animals, while plant life belongs to the kingdom plantae and fungus to the kingdom fungi.