There are four organelles that are involved in protein synthesis. These include the nucleus, ribosomes, the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus, or the Golgi complex. All four work together to synthesize, package and process proteins.
Protein synthesis begins with DNA. The DNA in an organism creates the RNA that then codes for and synthesizes the proteins. DNA is found in the cell’s nucleus and makes the RNA in the nucleus as well. The RNA then exits the nucleus and is translated by the cell’s organelles into amino acids. These small subunits are then put together in the ribosomes that are attached to the membrane of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Then, the proteins exit the ribosomes and exit the rough endoplasmic reticulum to enter the Golgi apparatus. The Golgi apparatus packages the proteins and sends them out of the cell.