The main difference between the sun and any other star is the distance each are from Earth. The sun is closer to this planet than all of the other stars.Continue Reading
Size is another major difference between the sun and other stars. The sun is the biggest star in this solar system. Within the whole universe, the sun is quite small compared to the enormous stars that exist beyond our solar system. The largest star that scientists have discovered is called Mu Cephei. Over one billion of Earth's suns could fit inside of Mu Cephei. This massive star is considered to be a giant in the universe.
Stars also differ in temperature. Temperature differences can be interpreted using color changes. Stars that burn red and orange are much cooler in temperature than the sun. Stars that burn white or blue-white are much hotter than the sun.
As well as mass and temperature, all of the stars also differ in age. The sun in this solar system is approximately five billion years old, making it a middle-aged star. As the stars grow older, they are subject to changes in mass, size and temperature. Sometimes, stars can even lose mass as they age.Learn more about Our Sun
Europa is one of Jupiter's four large moons, and its distance from the sun is always the same as Jupiter's, plus or minus the radius of Europa's orbit. Depending upon its position in orbit, Europa is 779.4 million to 780.6 million kilometers from the sun.Full Answer >
The sun is classified as a G2V star, sometimes referred to as a yellow dwarf. It is a Population I star in its main sequence. Although called a yellow dwarf, the sun actually emits white light that is often skewed by Earth's atmosphere and interstellar dust.Full Answer >
How bright a star appears from Earth is a function of its intrinsic brightness, called its absolute magnitude, and its distance. Together, these factors make up the star's apparent magnitude, according to Universe Today. While the sun has a lower absolute magnitude than many stars, it is much closer.Full Answer >
On average, the sun is 92,960,000 miles from Earth. The Earth has an elliptical orbit, so this distance varies. At the closest point of its orbit, called perihelion, Earth is 91,000,000 miles from the sun. At aphelion, the furthest Earth gets from the sun, they are 91,402,500 miles apart.Full Answer >