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What is the solubility of acetanilide?

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Quick Answer

Acetanilide has a water solubility of 6.93 x 103 milligrams per liter at 77 degrees Fahrenheit. One gram of acetanilide dissolves in 185 milliliters of water. The addition of chloral hydrate increases its water solubility.

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Full Answer

Acetanilide, discovered by the American biochemist Julius Axelrod, is a chemical compound characterized by its leaf or flake-like shape. It is a brilliant, odorless substance that exists as a white, crystalline powder at room temperature. Acetanilide is formed from the chemical reaction of aniline and acetic anhydride. The compound is generally used as an inhibitor in the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide. Other applications of acetanilide include being used as a stabilizing agent for cellulose ester varnishes and as an essential component in dye, rubber accelerator and camphor syntheses.

Acetanilide has the chemical formula C8H9NO and molecular weight of 135.16 grams per mole. The boiling, melting points and flash points of the compound are 572 degrees, 238 degrees and 337 degrees, respectively.

Acetanilide is soluble in various of liquids. One gram of the substance is soluble in 3.4 mL of alcohol, 20 mL of boiling water, 3 mL of methanol, 0.6 mL of boiling alcohol, 8mL dioxane, 5 mL glycerol, 3.7 mL chloroform and 47 mL benzene. Acetanilide is highly soluble in acetone, ethanol and hot toluene.

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