Scientific attitudes refer to the behavioral dispositions expected in individuals who intend to become successful scientists. Scientific attitudes include respect for evidence, honesty, creatitivty, flexibility, curiosity, objectivity and skepticism.
Although not necessary to embark on a field in science, having these attitudes can assist scientists in achieving more.
Respect for evidence
Scientists collect as much evidence as possible and search for interpretations that fit in line with the evidence.
Scientists should deliver accurate reports of all that is observed, even if it contradicts what they expect or what is assumed to be true.
Being open-minded and able to think outside the box is a key element of successful scientists. Scientists must be willing to consider different ideas.
Scientists must avoid being rigid on a single idea. Good scientists alter their hypothesis to fit with new evidence
Good scientists have a questioning attitude. They look for inconsistencies and challenge everything, particularly unsupported theories and statements.
- Objective attitude
Successful scientists delay making conclusions or judgments beyond that which is supported by the available evidence.
Good scientists showcase strong tolerance for uncertainty. They give room for possible contradictions to their theories, while striving harder to ensure certainty.
Scientists not only consider their tentative hypothesis and theories but those of others. They are not put off by the constructive criticism of their peers.