What Is the Reaction Between Hydrochloric Acid and Magnesium?

By Staff WriterLast Updated Apr 2, 2020 4:24:35 PM ET

The chemical reaction between hydrochloric acid and magnesium produces magnesium chloride and hydrogen gas. The balanced chemical equation for this reaction is Mg (s) + 2 HCl (aq) produces MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g), where the letter "s" stands for solid, "g" is gas and "aq" represents an aqueous solution.

This chemical equation represents a reaction between the active metal magnesium and a strong acid. These types of reactions will always produce a salt and hydrogen gas. In this reaction, the salt is magnesium chloride.

Similarly, this is also a single replacement reaction in which the metal takes the place of another element in a compound. In this case, magnesium replaces the hydrogen in the acid, resulting in hydrogen gas being one of the products. The other product or magnesium chloride is a compound that has an atomic weight of 95.211 grams per mole.