What Do Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes Have in Common?

Some common features found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes are that they have cell plasma membranes, cytoplasm, DNA and ribosomes. Prokaryotes include organisms like bacteria and cynobacteria while algae, fungi and protozoans are types of eukaryotes. Although these different types of organisms have certain similarities, there are many more differences.

A main difference is that eukaryotes have a nucleus while prokaryotes do not. Unlike eukaryotes, prokaryotic organisms do not have membrane-bound organelles within the cell. Eukaryotic cells are much larger than prokaryotic cells. For example, the size of prokaryotic cells can range between 2 and 20 microns while eukaryotic cells range in size from 10 to 100 microns in diameter. In terms of cell division, prokaryotic cells divide through binary fission, and eukaryotic cells divide through the process of mitosis.