Plants adapt to the environment by modifying their leaves, stem and roots. Desert plants such as the cactus modify their leaves into thorns to prevent loss of moisture through transpiration. Plants such as the lotus grow in water, have modified stems with pores and have short roots.Continue Reading
Plants growing in dry, arid regions have long tap roots that allow them to search deep underground for moisture. In very cold regions, the leaves of plants are needle-shaped. Plants that grow in tropical rainforests have broad leaves to allow more transpiration to take place, as the humidity levels are very high.
Desert plants are called xerophytes, while plants growing in water are called hydrophytes. Mesophytes are plants that grow in regions with moderate amounts of precipitation.Learn more about Botany
Photosynthesis takes place in plant leaves, and in some small part, in the stem. Specifically photosynthesis takes place in the mesophyll cells where the chloroplasts are located in a leaf.Full Answer >
The main functions of the stem are to provide support for plant leaves, transport minerals and water from the soil and carry sugar or glucose made in the leaves to other plant parts. Plants can have herbaceous or woody stems.Full Answer >
Itch weed is the common name for the stinging nettle, a perennial herb with pinkish, heart-shaped flowers and bristly protrusions on its stem and leaves. The plant flourishes throughout the United States, along roadsides, near mountains and in forest areas.Full Answer >
Some plants are able to reproduce without releasing seeds asexually using a specialized stem called a rhizome or by releasing spores. Bulb plants, such as Persiant violets, crinum lilies and wood hyacinths, are just a few examples of plants that reproduce asexually.Full Answer >