Plant and animal cells both have a nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, a Golgi apparatus, vesicles, mitochondria and a cell membrane. Each of these components work together to keep the cell healthy and functioning properly. In addition, plant and animal cells are eukarotic, meaning they are multicellular.Continue Reading
The nucleus is located in the center of a cell and it controls a variety of functions. The endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and ribosomes work together to process and transport materials into and out of the cell. A vesicle is another part of plant and animal cells that transports particles and substances to and from the cell.
Plant and animal cells also have mitochondria, but they function slightly differently in the different cells. The mitochondria in animal cells release energy and facilitate respiration. In plant cells, mitochondria work with chloroplasts to absorb light and energy.
In addition to having similar kinds of components working within the cell, plant and animal cells both are capable of diffusion. This is a process where dissolved substances pass in and out of the cell. Both kinds of cells also have a cell membrane that is controlled by the nucleus and selectively allows particles and substances to enter the cell.Learn more about Cells
Plant and animal cells have many of the same organelles, they both divide to reproduce, and they share similar basic structure. Scientists cite these similarities as evidence that all life evolved from a common ancestor.Full Answer >
Plant cells, like animal or other eukaryotic cells, break down food molecules using oxygen respiration in mitochondria. The plants start with simple sugars, which are broken down via glycolysis, then bound to oxygen to produce energy. This energy process is very similar to the combustion of carbohydrates, and results in water and carbon dioxide as waste products.Full Answer >
In addition to other jobs, the endoplasmic reticulum creates and folds proteins and then carries these synthesized substances to the Golgi apparatus via the vesicles. The endoplasmic reticulum also executes sorting activities for the cell's proteins. However, the precise duties carried out by the endoplasmic reticulum vary by both species and cell type.Full Answer >
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is a part of the endoplasmic reticulum that does not have ribosomes attached to the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. It has a tubular structure rather than the sheet structure of the rough endoplasmic reticulum.Full Answer >