Osteophytosis is a condition characterized by the formation and presence of bone spurs or osteophytes. These are outgrowths of bone tissue around damaged and injured joints that result from the wear and tear associated with osteoarthritis and often develop along the edges of bones.Continue Reading
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joint cartilage that is characterized by joint pain and discomfort. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage at the end of the bones to break down, which leads to a loss of cushioning and support. Once this occurs, osteophytes often form, which increase the surface area of the bone and may be an attempt by the body to better distribute the weightbearing function. In severe cases, however, osteophytes may cause additional pain.
Although any bone can develop osteophytes due to overuse or osteoarthritis, osteophytosis is common in regularly used joints such as the hips, shoulders, spine, knees and hands. In the spine, osteophytosis can be a sign of spinal degeneration, and any associated pain generally indicates spinal nerve impingement. Osteophytes often go undetected for years because many of these bony projections are asymptomatic. Most patients only seek treatment if pain develops or worsens. Due to this lack of symptoms, many osteophytes are diagnosed during X-rays for other conditions.Learn more about Bones
Extrarenal pelvis is the presence of the renal pelvis outside the renal hilum. Extrarenal pelvis is caused by an elongation of the urine-forming ducts of the kidney. It affects about 10 percent of the population, explains Radiopaedia.org.Full Answer >
The hard lump that is just below the right kneecap may be a condition known as prepatellar bursitis, which is when the small sac that is located in the front of the kneecap is inflamed. The bursa is a sac that is composed of thin and slippery tissue that functions in helping skin, muscles and tendons slide easily over the bone. The prepatellar bursa, in this situation, is the sac that helps the kneecap slide freely when the knees are being moved.Full Answer >
About.com explains that the second toe develops longer than the big toe from a condition called Morton's toe, which results from irregularities in the metatarsal bones in the feet. The metatarsal bones are the long bones in the ball of the foot. In those with Morton's toe, the big toe metatarsal, or first metatarsal, is shorter than the second metatarsal, causing the second toe to protrude in front of the first.Full Answer >
According to Minerva Medica, floating rib syndrome is a condition characterized by a deep, continuous pain in the bottom of the chest and top of the abdomen. Floating rib syndrome is also known as slipping rib syndrome.Full Answer >