What Are the Names of All the Human Body Parts?

The American Association of Anatomists explains the “Terminologica Anatomica” lists more than 7,500 named, human body parts in Latin, as of November 2014. The list of human body parts includes dozens of organs, more than 200 bones, hundreds of muscles, nerves, blood vessels and microscopic structures. Parts of the body have various Latin monikers in scientific terms, usually in two or three words.

An online version of “Terminologica Anatomica” lists 16 different anatomical systems. In the section for the respiratory system, the Latin name for the tip of the nose is the “Apex nasi” and the nasal cavity is called the “Cavitas nasi.” The “Tunica mucosa” is the nose’s mucous membrane, while the term “Cellulae ethmoidales” delineates ethmoidal cells in the sinus.

Parts of the head may include the name “cranium,” and the funny bone is the “humerus” in Latin. Hillendale Health states that the kneecap is the “patella,” the hips are called the “pelvis” and the wrist has “carpal” bones. These names refer to locations or descriptions of various bones on the body from original Latin texts.

Dartmouth College explains that some anatomical terms denote the shape or shape of a body part. For instance, a body part named “triquetrum” describes a three-cornered bone. A “pisiform” derives from the Latin word for pea, so any body parts with this word denote a part approximately the size and shape of a pea. The term “styloid” refers to a long, rigid, upright piece similar to a pillar.