Only 0.000053 percent of air is composed of hydrogen, making it the ninth most prevalent gas in the air. Nitrogen takes the lead, making up 78.084 percent of air, more than one million times more space than hydrogen. Oxygen also makes up a large part of air at 20.947 percent.Continue Reading
Air is made up of many different gases including argon, which takes up about 0.93 percent of air. The concentration of carbon dioxide, the fourth most common gas in the air at 0.038 percent, is slowly increasing.
The amount of ozone is also increasing; although, it is still barely traceable from the ground. Ozone has a much higher concentration near the stratosphere, where it protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet rays. The amount of water vapor in the air varies depending on location.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
Examples of solids in gas solutions include hydrogen in platinum and sulfur vapor in air. In chemistry and physics, there are three states of matter, which are solid, liquid and gas. From these states seven different types of solutions can form, including gas solutions, which involve the dissolving of gas particles into surrounding solid substances or the dissolving of solid particles into gas.Full Answer >
Sugar is composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. There are 12 carbon atoms, 22 hydrogen atoms and 11 oxygen atoms in one molecule of sugar, according to Exploratorium, a San Francisco museum of science, art and human perception. The scientific name for sugar is sucrose.Full Answer >
The smallest atom in the periodic table in terms of mass is hydrogen, which has only one proton and one electron. Hydrogen has no neutrons. The element has an atomic number of 1 and atomic weight of 1.00794, making it the smallest of all the elements.Full Answer >
Henry Cavendish is credited with discovering hydrogen in 1766 in London, though alchemist Paracelsus in the 1500s and Robert Boyle in 1671 did preliminary work on the subject. However, Cavendish identified hydrogen gas as a discrete substance. In 1783 Antoine Lavoisier provided the name hydrogen, Greek for water former.Full Answer >