Monomers are the building blocks that make up nucleic acid. Also known as nucleotides, they are composed of a five-carbon sugar, a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.Continue Reading
Some nucleotides conduct vital cellular functions by functioning as an independent molecule. A common example of this is ATP, which stores energy.
Monomers are linked together through a chemical reaction called dehydration synthesis. When monomers are joined together, they transform into a polymer. If a bond is formed between the sugar of one monomer and the phosphate of another, it creates a polynucleotide.
There are five different types of nucleotides: uracil, cytosine, guanine, adenine and thymine.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Amino acids are organic compounds that are the building blocks from which proteins are made. They are common to all living things, but they are not a part of lipids or carbohydrates, and they are not found in inorganic materials such as minerals, water, air and metal.Full Answer >
The building blocks of protein are called amino acids. There are 20 different types of amino acids that the human body needs to function correctly. Eleven of these amino acids are produced naturally in the body, while the other nine need to be acquired by consuming food.Full Answer >
Hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon and oxygen are the main elements that make up amino acids, the basic building blocks of proteins, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Other elements that can appear in proteins after post-translational modification are sulfur and selenium, Wikipedia adds.Full Answer >
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