Amorphous urates are crystals that are commonly found in the urine of healthy individuals, according to Lab Tests Online. They usually develop as a result of the refrigeration process of the urine sample and don't have any diagnostic implications, notes Med-Health.net.Continue Reading
Crystals are the solid form of substances that are usually dissolved in the urine, according to Lab Tests Online. They form in the urine if the urine pH is too acidic or basic, the concentration of dissolved substances is high, or the urine temperature leads to their formation. Besides amorphous urates, other crystals may be found in a healthy person's urine, including crystalline uric acid, calcium oxalates, amorphous phosphates and calcium carbonate. X-ray dye and certain medications and drugs may also form crystals in the urine.
The presence of certain crystals in urine, such as cystine, tyrosine and leucine, is abnormal and usually indicates a medical problem. Crystals may also form inside the kidney while urine is being produced, according to Lab Tests Online. If these crystals group together, they form a kidney stone, or calculi. Kidney stones can cause extreme pain if they become stuck in the kidney or the ureters, which are tubes that drain urine from the kidneys to the bladder.Learn more about Biology
Mucus can appear in a urinalysis due to mucus in urine. This can be due to bacterial infections, irritable bowl syndrome, STDs, urachal cancer, ulcerative colitis and kidney stones, states Health Medicine.Full Answer >
Technology to detect early signs of bladder cancer includes urinalysis to find blood in the urine, the examination of urine under a microscope known as urine cytology, and a number of other urine lab tests that look for tumor markers, reports the American Cancer Society. If doctors suspect bladder cancer, the next step is usually a cystoscopy, in which a urologist slides a tube up the urethra so the doctor can see the inside of the bladder.Full Answer >
The first step in interpreting a urinalysis is the macroscopic analysis, which examines the color, clarity and amount of urine, as well as noting any blood, sediment or precipitates, explains eMedicineHealth. Abnormalities indicate certain types of health conditions or disorders. Next is the microscopic analysis of a small portion of the urine sample. This looks for the presence and quantity of red or white blood cells, epithelial cells, other abnormal cellular elements or crystals, which also provide health information.Full Answer >
Doctors can check liver function using a blood test called the liver panel, explains Lab Tests Online. The liver panel measures the amounts of bilirubin, albumin, total protein and liver enzymes in the blood, reports WebMD.Full Answer >