Q:

How many electrons does carbon have?

A:

Quick Answer

A carbon atom typically possesses six electrons – two in its inner shell and four in its outer shell. This number varies due to a number of circumstances, but a stand-alone atom with no charge contains six electrons.

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Full Answer

The number of electrons in a carbon atom's shell can vary due to possessing a charge and becoming an ion or in combining with other atoms. Interaction with particles and other atoms can temporarily knock an electron out of its orbit or add an additional one, giving the atom an electrical charge and making it an ion. Carbon also has four open spaces on its outer electron shell, allowing it to combine easily with other atoms and share extra electrons with them.

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    What is a phosphide ion?

    A:

    A phosphide ion is an negatively charged potassium atom that has three additional electrons in its outermost shell. Phosphide ions are nonmetallic and can chemically react with a variety of metallic elements to form ionic compounds.

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    How many valence electrons does sulfur have?

    A:

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    What types of atoms typically form covalent bonds?

    A:

    Atoms that typically form covalent bonds with each other have similar electronegativity, which expresses the atom's tendency to attract electrons, such as with carbon and hydrogen, which form methane. They stand in contrast to ionic bonds, where electronegativities are vastly different, as with sodium and chlorine, which combine to form table salt. These actually exist on a continuum with significant but lesser differences in electronegativity causing the formation of polar molecules.

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  • Q:

    How many valence electrons does carbon have?

    A:

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