How Many Chromosomes Are in Each Daughter Cell at the End of Mitosis?
In human cell mitosis, each daughter cell will have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell, which is 46 chromosomes. If the parent cell is diploid, it has two sets of chromosomes, or a total of 46. If it is haploid, such as sperms and eggs, they have one set of chromosomes, or just 23.
Mitosis involves the splitting of a cell and its content. According to the State University of New York, mitosis has five phases: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. During interphase, the cell prepares for mitosis, and chromosomes are usually not visible. In prophase, the chromosomes start to coil, the nuclear membrane wanes and a spindle-like formation appears. In metaphase, the chromosomes align for replication. In anaphase, the chromatid separates, doubling the number of chromosomes to 92. In telophase, the chromosomes uncoil, the nuclear membrane reappears and the cell splits into two daughter cells, each having 46 chromosomes.