As the darkest color in the spectrum, black is known as being achromatic. This means it doesn’t have any hues, like gray and white. It’s actually considered to be devoid of color but you’ll get black when mixing the three primary colors or red, yellow, and blue together. The color black absorbs light and doesn’t reflect it back to your eye. The darkest material in the world is called Vantablack, which was created by scientists in the United Kingdom and absorbs 99.9% of visible light.
Black in Nature
There are numerous black things around us. A list of these includes animals like penguins, fruit bats, black widow spiders, crows, panthers, cats, dogs, rats, ravens, bears, ants, and various other black insects. In nature, other things that are black aside from animals include gemstones, such as black tourmaline, black sapphire, and black diamonds, as well as coal, oil, soot, graphite, and tar.
The Black Sea has water so dark that it looks black, hence its name. Black holes in space have an incredibly powerful gravity, preventing anything from escaping them, including light. Supersonic ice, which may be found across the solar system, is purportedly hot and black. Storm clouds read as black the fuller they are. Shadows are black. And of course, there’s the black-as-night evening sky made even darker on a starless night. Generally speaking though, many naturally “black” items are actually other shades interpreted as black because of their intense darkness.
Black and Man Made
The color black can be found everywhere. Black-colored clothing and accessories (shoes, belts, hats) are popular around the world from little black dresses and biker jackets to tuxedos and full-length chadors and everything in between. Cosmetics are frequently black and include charcoal eyeliner, mascara, and nail polish. Vehicles and vehicle tires are commonly black, as are some musical instruments, such as oboes, clarinets, and pianos. Furniture and home accessories are often black. Roads are paved black. Windows can be tinted black. Basically, just about anything can be black.
Black foods include licorice, black rice, black tea, black garlic, black beans, black pepper, black lentils, squid ink pasta, black trumpet mushrooms, black sesame seeds, and blackberries. Charcoal has even been used to darker crackers and ice cream to noir shades.
Black in Psychology
Black is said to represent dark moods, seriousness, despair, and depression. People traditionally wear black clothing at funerals yet wearing black is also considered to be stylish, sophisticated, to give people an air of authority, and to look glamorous or seductive.
Strangely, black has a very mixed symbolism. Black cats were once considered to be evil yet nowadays they’re considered to be good luck. Black is thought to be mysterious, powerful, and strong. Yet it is also associated with secretiveness, negativity, and being conservative. Its negative connotations include getting a black mark, having a black mood, a figurative black eye, being the black sheep, or having a black heart. On the flip side, it’s elegant and dramatic, helping to evoke certainty and provide protection, with positive connotations that include being in the black (profitable), black gold, a black tie event, and having a black belt in martial arts.
Black in Different Cultures
In Africa, black represents masculinity and maturity. In the Middle East, the color represents mourning as well as rebirth. It also symbolizes mystery and evil. In Asian countries like China, black is seen as more positive, representing prosperity and good health as well as being the color associated with boys. Feminine energy is symbolized by black in Japan while India looks on it as representing death and rebellion. In South America, it symbolizes masculinity on the positive side, and mourning on the negative side. In Western cultures, it’s also associated with mourning and death, but is also considered a formal and sophisticated color.