Because of water's fluid molecular composition, it takes longer to heat and cool than land, which has a molecular structure that is more static and dense. Convective movements and the thermal capacities of bodies of water cause them to have a longer heat and cool time than land. Additionally the typically darker color of land gives it a higher propensity to trapping heat.Continue Reading
Because water is a liquid, its molecules are in greater motion than those of land, a solid. Like air, water is prone to convective movements and vertical mixing. Because water molecules are in constant motion, it takes longer for solar radiation to uniformly raise the temperature of a given body of water.
Large bodies of water like oceans have higher thermal capacities than land due to their immense density. As a result, it takes up to four times the amount of heat to raise the temperature of a given amount of water 1 C as it takes to raise the temperature of the same amount of land by an equivalent degree.
Color is also a factor. Because water is lighter than land, it reflects more solar radiation and does not heat as quickly.
Sunlight penetrates many meters into a body of water, whereas it only hits the upper, superficial portion of land. That is why it takes longer for water to cool than it does for land.Learn more about Earth Science
Large bodies of water take longer to warm or cool than the land does, so coastal regions generally see lower temperatures during the summer and warmer temperatures during the winter than areas that are further inland. When warm air from the inland areas meets the cool sea air, moisture and water droplets form fog, which is far less common further from the sea.Full Answer >
Ocean water is salty primarily due to the large amounts of chloride and sodium on land which are dissolved by rainfall and carried to the sea by rivers and streams. Hydrothermal vents and underwater volcanoes located on the seabed also contribute dissolved salts to the ocean.Full Answer >
The rain shadow effect occurs as warm, moist air rises against high elevations of land and drops its water along the way. This creates a region on the far side of the mountain range that is relatively deficient in precipitation to the point of forming a rain-shadow desert.Full Answer >
The National Park Service explains that geysers work based on a combination of heat, water and underground plumbing system. Without any of these three parts, the geyser cannot spray its steam into the air. The heat in a geyser is provided by an underground chamber of magma, or molten material, beneath the earth's surface. This heat radiates to the surrounding rock, which may have the ability to heat underground water.Full Answer >