What Are Ionic, Covalent and Metallic Bonds?

Ionic, covalent and metallic bonds are all different types of chemical bonds. Chemical bonds are formed when a chemical compound is created through the joining of multiple atoms. Ionic bonds are formed when an electron moves from one atom to another, and covalent bonds are formed when two different atoms share one or more pair of electrons. Metallic bonds are best described as a sea of electrons.

In chemistry, bonds are important. Chemical compounds are formed of bonds and have a vast array of different types of properties depending on the components of the bonds. Atoms that have strong attractive forces to one another have the capacity of forming these bonds. However, these bonds can come about in a variety of ways. Most of them involve positive and negative charges as a result of the absence or excess of electrons orbiting an atom.

Ionic bonds are one of the common types of chemical bonding. These occur when one atom donates an electron to another. The resulting two atoms have opposite charges and are therefore attracted to one another. Similarly, covalent bonds rely on the movement of electrons. However, in this instance, two atoms share a pair or more of electrons, binding them together. Metal bonds are characterized as positive ions in a large sheet of electrons because of the way they function in conducting heat and electricity.