An inductive load pulls a large amount of current when first energized, then settles down to a full-load running current after a few seconds or cycles. When switched, inductive loads can cause excessive voltages. Some examples of inductive loads include transformers, motors and wound control gear.
In addition to inductive loads, there are resistance and capacitive loads. Resistance loads consume electrical energy in a sinusoidal manner. Examples of resistance loads include electrical heaters and incandescent lighting. Capacitive loads are AC electrical loads where the current wave reaches peak before voltage. The flash of a camera is an example of a capacitive load.