Monocytes are one type of white blood cell, and they are seen when a white blood cell differential test is conducted. A high absolute monocyte count may be the result of several different factors and usually requires further testing to determine the cause.Continue Reading
A high absolute monocyte count can be the result of a viral infection such as mononucleosis or measles. Acute stress and autoimmune diseases may raise the level of monocytes in the differential. Parasites can also cause an increased monocyte count. In some cases, a more serious disease may be indicated, such as tuberculosis, chronic inflammatory disease or leukemia. Chronic bowel disease, heart infections and rheumatoid arthritis may be indicated if a high absolute monocyte count is noted on blood work. A bone marrow biopsy is usually performed if blood testing doesn't reveal the source of the increased monocytes.
Monocytes are made in the bone marrow of all bones. They account for approximately 1 to 10 percent of all the white blood cells found within the body. After monocytes enter the bloodstream, they eventually end up in the spleen, where they transform into macrophages. Macrophages rid the body of debris and old cells and help regulate the immune responses of the body.Learn more about Biology
A specific type of white blood cell — the B lymphocytes — produce antibodies as part of the immune system. When lymphocytes detect the presence of a destructive substance — an antigen — the immune system reacts by forming antibodies. Each type of antibody is effective against one specific antigen.Full Answer >
T-cell count is the blood test that measures the number of the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell in the human body. Since these cells work to fight off diseases, a low or high T-cell count means the immune system is compromised, notes Healthline.Full Answer >
A normal blood differential result from a complete blood count test indicates that each type of white blood cell in the body is within normal range, according to MedlinePlus. The types of white blood cells include neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils, states WebMD.Full Answer >
The function of monocytes is to help the other cells in the blood remove damaged tissue. Monocytes also help destroy cancerous cells.Full Answer >