Graphite is a good conductor of electricity because its electrons are delocalized or free to move around. Graphite is structured into planes with tightly bound atoms. There is a great deal of distance between planes, and they are bonded weakly together, allowing the electrons to move around.Continue Reading
Because graphite is such a great conductor, it is used in electrical cells. It is also found in motor oil and pencils. Because graphite is soft, it is combined with clay, and baked, and hardened before being inserted into wood for pencils.
Graphite is made up of bonded carbon atoms. One carbon atom is strongly bonded to three other carbon atoms, resulting in carbon sheets. Each carbon atom is then bound weakly to two other carbon atoms, one to the sheet above it and another to the sheet below it. The strong bonds give graphite high boiling and melting points, while the weak bonds make graphite soft and flexible.
Graphite is closely related to diamonds. Both have crystalline forms. However, diamonds are one of the hardest materials known to man, while graphite is not. There is a process that turns graphite into industrial-grade diamonds - a metal catalyst and graphite are heated and pressurized together.Learn more about Electricity
Electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon of using a magnet to create, or induce, a magnetic field in a conductor while simultaneously dislodging free electrons within it. This produces a flow of current and a rising and collapsing magnetic field around the conductor, which is the opposite polarity to that of the magnet from which it was induced.Full Answer >
Electricity is the flow of electrons through a conductor. Materials that conduct electricity easily have a weak hold on their outermost electrons, allowing them to move easily from one atom to another. When an electron moves to an adjacent atom, it displaces another electron, and this flow is electric current.Full Answer >
Electric energy is the energy created by electrons moving through an electrical conductor. The world is made of matter. All matter contains atoms that contain electrons that are always moving. When electrons are forced down a conductive path, such as a wire, the movement produces electricity, or electric energy.Full Answer >
Electricity is the flow of electrons through a conductor. Electricity is based on the principle that all matter has negatively and positively charged particles within its atoms.Full Answer >