The pelvis provides a location for the large muscles of the lower body to connect, giving humans the ability to walk, run, sit and kneel. It also surrounds the reproductive organs, bladder and rectum, forming a cavity in which these organs can be supported and protected.Continue Reading
The three primary bones of the pelvis include the hip bones, sacrum and coccyx. In young children, each hip bone begins as three separate bones, and these bones fuse as a person ages. The top of the hip bone is called the ilium and is what people generally think of as the hip. This ilium curves downward to the area known as the ischium, which connects to the femur. Each of the hip bones curve toward the front of the body to a bony area known as the pubis. A joint exists between the pubic bones that can expand in females during childbirth, allowing the baby's head to pass safely through the birth canal.
The back of the pelvis ends with the sacrum and coccyx. The sacrum extends downward from the vertebrae. It is composed of five fused vertebrae. The coccyx attaches directly below the sacrum and is composed of four fused vertebrae. The muscles of the pelvic floor are attached to the coccyx.Learn more about Human Anatomy
In the bodies of humans, as well as many animals, the torso or trunk, is the area of the body that contains the chest and abdomen, and includes the area of the body between the neckline and pelvis, excluding limbs. The torso includes internal and external features of the human body, such as important organs like the kidney, heart, lungs and liver, the skin and several types of muscles. These skeletal components work together to carry out many critical life functions, such as respiration, digestion and reproduction.Full Answer >
The squat is an exercise that works all the muscles in the lower body including the thighs, hamstrings, calves, hips and glutes. Squats also help strengthen the bones, tendon insertions and ligaments in the lower body.Full Answer >
The best way to perform jump squats involves good form and proper engagement of the muscles in the lower body. Poor form and posture can lead to an ineffective workout or even injury, according to BodyBuilding.com.Full Answer >
A vertical climber provides a cardio workout while toning muscles in the lower body, upper body and core, according to MaxiClimber. Using a vertical climber is a low-impact method of exercise, which results in less stress on the joints than traditional climbing or higher-impact sports.Full Answer >