The function of chloroplasts is to convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into food for the plant. Chloroplasts are energy organelles, and are present in all types of plants.Continue Reading
Chloroplasts are present in most plant cells, but they are most common in the green, leafy areas. The organelles absorb sunlight through photosynthesis and use it with the water and carbon dioxide absorbed through other parts of the plant to create food for the plant to grow and survive. Chloroplasts are also found in algae and perform the same function by allowing the algae to continue to thrive.
Chloroplasts are also where chlorophyll is produced. Chlorophyll is a pigment that gives plants their green color, and it is the main receptor for sunlight within the organelle. The stroma is another part of the makeup of chloroplasts, and it is where carbon dioxide is changed into the sugar the plant needs to survive. The grana are where light energy is converted to chemical energy that the plant can consume and use. Chloroplasts are protected by a double membrane that keeps all of the internal structures contained and safe from the environment in the rest of the plant cell. Without chloroplasts, it would be impossible for plants to get the nutrients needed to function and grow.Learn more about Botany
For photosynthesis to occur, plants need sunlight, water, carbon dioxide and chlorophyll. Through the process of photosynthesis plants convert light energy into chemical energy. They use this energy to make food which they store as sugars.Full Answer >
The function of leaves is to help the plant produce food by converting the energy in sunlight into chemical energy that the plant can eat. The structures within the leaf convert the energy and make it possible for the plant to get food.Full Answer >
Aquatic plants are able to absorb the carbon dioxide (CO2) they need to make food directly from the water around them through their leaves, just as land plants obtain carbon dioxide from the air. The water provides the nutrients necessary for an aquatic plant to "breathe" underwater.Full Answer >
Glucose, the primary product of photosynthesis, is a sugar formed from carbon dioxide and water molecules that acts as the primary food source for green plants. A secondary product of the process, oxygen, is released into the atmosphere as waste.Full Answer >