Cellulose makes up most of the tough cell walls surrounding plant cells and enables plants to stand upright, according to Education Portal. It is the major component of plants that makes the branches, stems and leaves very strong.Continue Reading
Cellulose is a valuable polysaccharide and the most abundant organic compound in the planet, notes Education Portal. All plants are composed of polysaccharides, which are large sugar molecules consisting of single sugar units. The four common polysaccharides are cellulose, chitin, glycogen and starch. Cellulose has a unique, rigid structure that serves an important function in plants. Its molecules are joined together using hydrogen bonds and are arranged parallel to one another, forming a long, cable-like structure that merges with other cellulose molecules. This creates the strong support structure that allows plants to stand upright.
Education Portal explains that the strength of cellulose makes it useful in various synthetic products, including plastics, fabrics, cosmetics, lotion and carpeting. Cellulose is also an essential component of paper, cotton fabric and lumber. Moreover, cellulose plays a key role in digestion, as it is an insoluble fiber that does not break down when passing through the digestive system. Insoluble fiber is important in a person's diet, because it allows the digestive tract to keep moving.Learn more about Botany
Totipotency refers to a developmental flexibility within plant cells that distinguish them from most animal cells, in that many somatic plant cells can regenerate into entire plants. Two researchers in the 1950s were the first to prove this ability, which has become a fascinating trait in the plant kingdom.Full Answer >
Cellulose and amylose are both important organic molecules produced by plants, but cellulose is mainly used to serve a structural role. Amylose is used to store sugar that is produced via photosynthesis.Full Answer >
The purpose of sepals is to protect the flower of a plant and prevent it from drying out, the Education Portal explains. They form a tightly closed area, known as a bud, wherein the flower develops.Full Answer >
Like plants, fungi have cell walls. The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, the same substance that makes up the exoskeletons of arthropods such as insects, according to The State University of New York. The cell walls of similar organisms are made of cellulose.Full Answer >