Friction is a force that works against motion. While walking, friction helps us maintain our stability and prevents us from slipping. Friction also works the same way with cars and vehicles in general, preventing them from skidding and helping them stop when the brakes are applied.Continue Reading
Consider two different situations. In one situation, you are walking on a pavement on a nice warm day, feeling the concrete beneath your shoes. In the second situation, you are walking on the same pavement on an icy winter day, feeling the slick ice beneath your shoes. In the second scenario, the ice reduces the friction, which causes you to slip. In the first scenario, there is more friction between your shoes and the concrete. Since friction is a force that works against motion, the friction between your shoes and the concrete works against the motion of you slipping and falling.
Friction is also necessary to perform many simple tasks in our daily lives. Take writing for example. When you hold your pen or your pencil, it is the friction between your finger tips and the pen that keeps the pen from sliding out of your hand. Think of trying to sand a block of wood or cutting a block of wood in half with a saw: friction is at work in both cases.
Even though friction is popularly viewed as a force that increases the gas consumption of vehicles or one that causes heat to be generated between moving parts, it makes the world a much safer place to live in and most certainly helps us increase our productivity.Learn more about Electricity
Friction produces static electricity by initiating the transfer of electrons between two or more objects. With regards to electron transfers, objects are either conductors or insulators. Conductors give up electrons readily because the electrons are not confined to a particular atom. Insulators do not transfer electrons readily.Full Answer >
An eddy current is an electrical current induced in a piece of metal due to the relative motion of a nearby magnet. Any time a magnet passes a metallic object, its magnetic field induces an electric current, which swirls around near the surface of the metal like an eddy in a river. This electric current creates its own magnetic field, which opposes the motion of the magnet.Full Answer >
Alternating current generators, typically referred to as AC generators, generally work on the same principle as direct current generators.The basic function of a generator is to convert motion into electricity. Providing this motion requires that either a magnetic field is generated and a wire coil is rotated within it, or a magnetic field is rotated within a stationary coil.Full Answer >
Isaac Newton’s scientific achievements include his three laws of motion — inertia, acceleration, and action and reaction the law of universal gravitation, the reflecting telescope and the theory of calculus. Newton published important written works, the most famous of which is “Principia Mathematica,” where he described elliptical orbits, forces in motion, fluids and mechanics.Full Answer >