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What are the four types of erosion?

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Quick Answer

The four types of erosion are sheet erosion, rill erosion, gully erosion and splash erosion. Erosion is defined as the withering away of the surface of land by either rain or irrigation water, wind or ice.

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Sheet erosion occurs when a very thin layer of surface dirt or soil is removed from a large area. The result of rill erosion is a set of small channels viewed on a slope that are caused by running water. Gully erosion exists when larger and wider channels are cut out of slopes by running water. Splash erosion is caused by the movement of splashing water.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some water erosion facts?

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    Water erosion occurs when moving water carries away bits of rock and dirt. There are four types of water erosion: sheet erosion, rill erosion, gully erosion and bank erosion. All of these depend on the type of land being moved by water. This type of erosion creates valleys, canyons, shorelines and cliffs.

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  • Q:

    How do you stop soil erosion?

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    To prevent soil erosion, cover and protect all soil with plants or mulch. For large slopes, install a retaining wall to keep soil in place.

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    What are the effects of erosion?

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    The effects of erosion are varied, but the most obvious effect is the removal and destruction of land. Whether caused by wind or water, erosion leads to the displacement of soil, rocks, plants and seeds. These direct effects can often lead to broader consequences, including shrinking habitats for animals, accumulation of sediments, the removal of nutrients and other negative effects.

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  • Q:

    What are the agents of erosion?

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    The agents of erosion are waves, water, wind and ice. The process of weathering dissolves rock or breaks it down into tiny fragments, making it weak and susceptible to erosion. The agents of erosion carry fragmented rocks away, causing the earth to be worn away.

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