Plants share four characteristics that are structural and functional. Structurally, plants are separated into shoots and roots and they have protective layers that prevents water loss. Functionally, they synthesize their own food and use alternating reproductive processes in each generation.Continue Reading
The structural similarities of plants are the shoots, or the plant above ground, including the leaves, flowers and stems. The roots lie underground, anchor the plant and take in nutrients and water. Furthermore, cells jackets around the gametes retain moisture so they won't dry out and reproduction is more likely. Also, plant surfaces exposed to air have a waxy layer called the cuticle to prevent drying.
Functionally, most plants do not eat other organisms. They synthesize their food from light, water and carbon dioxide. In addition, plants alternate between haploid and diploid generations. Diploid generations have a set of chromosomes from both parent plants. Haploid is just one set of chromosomes.Learn more about Botany
Plants that have woody stems are leaves, bushes and shrubs such as lilac and forsythia plants. Shrubs and bushes are similar to trees, but have a few major differences such as height and branches.Full Answer >
Plants that grow tendrils include grape ivy, Virginia creeper and sweet peas. Grape ivy is not really an ivy but an evergreen vine that is native to South America. It does best in bright or moderate light but should be kept out of direct sunlight.Full Answer >
Plants that thrive in acidic soil include bleeding heart, foxglove, heather, azaleas and rhododendrons. There are also several fruit and vegetable plants that need acidic soil to grow such as radishes, peppers, rhubarb, blueberries and currants.Full Answer >
Plants with the common names Virginia cowslip and Virginia bluebells both have the scientific name Mertensia virginica. Native to the eastern part of North America, these perennial wildflowers feature blue, pink and purple bell-shaped blooms. Virginia Bluebells grow to 1 to 2 feet high and require spots in the garden where they will be partially shaded.Full Answer >