What Are the Five Types of Climate?

The five types of climates are tropical, dry, moderate or temperate, continental and polar. Climate is commonly classified using the Köppen Climate Classification Scheme, which divides climates into five distinct groups that include the letters A, B, C, D and E. This system classifies several types of climates and subtypes.

The Köppen Climate Classification Scheme categorizes climate based on monthly and yearly averages of temperature and precipitation.

Group A, also recognized as tropical climates, is characterized by high temperatures during all 12 months of the year, with an average temperatures of more than 64 degrees Fahrenheit or 18 degrees Celsius.

Group B, dry climates, is characterized by a deficient amount of precipitation throughout the year. Dry climates include deserts, such as the Sahara.

Group C, recognized as moderate or temperate climates, has temperatures higher than 50 degrees Fahrenheit or 10 degrees Celsius during warm months, and temperatures higher than 27 Fahrenheit or ?3 degrees Celsius during cold months. Temperate climates have warm summers and mild winters.

Group D, known as continental, is similar to temperate climates, however, the summers are cooler and the winter months are colder.

Group E, known as polar climates, has extremely cold summers and extremely cold winters. Polar climates include Antarctica and the North Pole.