Earth's climate is determined by the amount of incoming solar radiation that reaches the planet and the amount of reflected heat energy that radiates back into space. There are also a number of lesser factors that affect the average weather conditions that compose the various regional climates found across the globe.Continue Reading
Earth's climate is a complex system created by interactions and energy transfer between the planet's atmosphere and the various landmasses and bodies of water that make up its surface. The planetary climate has evolved under the influence of its own internal dynamics and variations in solar output. Even human industry has played a role in shaping the climate, as it has been responsible for shifting the density of certain atmospheric gases that are able to trap heat that would otherwise radiate back into space.
Area climates can differ greatly from region to region depending on any number of factors. For example, polar and equatorial regions experience vastly different climates due to their locations and the amount of solar energy that they receive and absorb. Differences in elevation, composition of landmasses and the influence of prevailing wind patterns all play a role in determining the average weather patterns that comprise regional climates.Learn more about Earth Science
A desert climate zone is a geographic area with extreme heat and dryness during the daytime and cooler overnight temperatures. Deserts commonly feature sandy terrain. Ten inches of rain annually is the maximum received by any desert.Full Answer >
The taiga, or boreal forest, biome is important to the world because it comprises 38 percent of the world's total forest area and greatly affects the planet's heat absorption and carbon cycling. The taiga marks the northernmost point at which agriculture on any large scale is possible.Full Answer >
The two factors that play the biggest role in determining climate are the amount of heat energy the sun provides and how this energy is stored and transmitted. The Earth's climate is a complex system powered by solar radiation that heats the surface of the planet.Full Answer >
The sun is important to Earth because it helps regulate the climate, is the main source of energy for producers in the ecosystems and it keeps the oceans from freezing, along with providing light. If just one of these factors changed dramatically, it would impact all life on Earth. Without the sun, the planet's oceans would freeze, temperatures would drop and all life would die off without light or food.Full Answer >