An example of solubility is the fact that sugar is very soluble in water. However, in another liquid, such as methyl alcohol, it is only somewhat soluble.Continue Reading
Solubility is defined as how much of a solute will dissolve in a particular amount of a solvent. Most solutes vary with different solvents. In the example used above, sugar was the solute and the solvents were methyl alcohol and water.
According to HowStuffWorks, solubility differs greatly depending on the state of matter, temperature and pressure. For example, most solids and liquids increase in solubility at higher temperatures, but in the same situation, gases decrease in solubility. Under pressure, though, gases become more soluble.
An example of this would be carbonated drinks. Drinks such as soda are bottled under pressure because gases are more soluble in this state. When the pressure is released by someone opening the container, the carbon dioxide instantly starts to lose its solubility and begins to escape.
Based on these properties, there are several examples of solubility. Salt, for instance, is soluble in water, but it isn't soluble in oil. It is possible to add both cream and sugar to coffee because both are soluble in the drink. Another example of solubility is in the air: oxygen is soluble in nitrogen.Learn more about Solutions & Mixtures
Acetanilide has a water solubility of 6.93 x 103 milligrams per liter at 77 degrees Fahrenheit. One gram of acetanilide dissolves in 185 milliliters of water. The addition of chloral hydrate increases its water solubility.Full Answer >
Butane is virtually insoluble in water and has a solubility of 61 milligrams per liter at 20 degrees Celsius. However, the solubility of butane in water can be considerably increased by decreasing the temperature of the water.Full Answer >
The solubility of benzoic acid in water is approximately 0.027 M, according to Oral Roberts University. The concentration of benzoic acid over 33 trials averaged 0.0271 M in water at 77 degrees Fahrenheit, with carboxylic acid as the solute. The acid is more readily soluble in organic solvents rather than water.Full Answer >
The solubility of elemental calcium in water is unassessable because calcium reacts with liquid water to produce calcium hydroxide in a hydrolysis reaction. The reaction produces hydrogen gas and calcium hydroxide as byproducts.Full Answer >