Several types of habitats are found in the world, including forests, meadows or fields, thickets, marshes, ponds, forest streams, rivers, forest edges, flower gardens and even neighborhood streets. A habitat is a place where any organism or biological population lives or occurs.
There are four basic components to every habitat. Those components are food, water, shelter and space. Food and water are two very essential components of an organism's habitat. Without the two, the organism could not survive. Food is different for each organism. It could be plant or animal. In some cases, such as with plants, food is the soil in the ground.
Shelters are where organisms live and protect themselves during weather or climate conditions that put them at risk. It also protects the organism from other animals or predators. Shelters may include trees, nests, rocks and hives, among other places. The space an organism lives in affects its life and health as well. This is especially true when it comes to finding or competing for resources. Organisms need enough space for food to grow or for prey to live and thrive. Plant life needs space to grow and extend their roots in the soil to capture the nutrients in it necessary for survival.