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What are examples of acids and bases?

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Quick Answer

Some common examples of acids are hydrosulfuric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, hydroiodic and hydrofluoric acid, while some common bases are calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. The acidity or basicity of a substance is measured on the pH scale. Acids increase the concentration of hydronium ions when dissolved in water, whereas bases decrease it.

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Full Answer

Hydrochloric acid is represented by the chemical formula HCl, and it is used industrially in the production of PVC plastics, gelatin, cleaning products and polyurethanes among other uses. Hydrochloric acid is known as a monoprotic acid because it loses one hydrogen ion when it is dissolved in water. It is one of seven strong acids. The base sodium hydroxide is more commonly known as lye. It is used in the manufacture of products such as soap, paper and detergent. Sodium hydroxide is represented by the chemical formula NaOH. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide react together to produce sodium chloride and water. Hydrosulfuric acid is produced when hydrogen sulfide is dissolved in water, and it is an organic acid. The chemical formula for the base calcium hydroxide is Ca(OH)2.

Base types include Brønsted bases, Lewis bases, organic bases, strong bases, superbases and non-nucleophilic weak bases. Acid types include Brønsted acids, Lewis acids, mineral acids, organic acids, strong acids, superacids and weak acids.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is an example of a weak base?

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    Ammonia, ammonium hydroxide and pyridine are examples of weak chemical bases. A weak base can be identified by the fact that it only partially ionizes when mixed with a water-based solution. The anions of weak acids, which do not fully dissociate from their salts, often form weak bases.

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  • Q:

    In water, what do bases form?

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    In water, bases form alkalis. Examples of bases that form alkalis in water are sodium hydroxide and ammonia. Some bases, such as copper oxide, are not soluble in water.

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  • Q:

    What is a list of acids and their sources?

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    A list of acids and their sources includes hydrochloric acid, which is produced naturally in the stomach to help the body break down and digest food, and citric acid, which is naturally found in citrus fruits. While hydrochloric acid is considered a strong acid, citric acid is considered weak enough for humans to safely ingest. Industries use citric acid to preserve and pickle foods.

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  • Q:

    Which acids dissolve limestone?

    A:

    Carbonic acid, hydrochloric acid and acetic acid are some acids that react with limestone, causing it to dissolve. Each of these acids reacts with limestone in different ways. Limestone is made up mainly of calcite that is the chemical compound calcium carbonate.

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