Q:

What is the end result of mitosis?

A:

Quick Answer

The end result of mitosis is two identical daughter cells. These daughter cells are also identical to the parent cell. Mitosis is essential for growth and repair in living organisms.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

Mitosis occurs in four phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. During prophase, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope breaks down. Spindles form at the parent cell's opposite poles. In metaphase, the chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate. This helps ensure each daughter cell gets a full set of chromosomes. During anaphase, the chromosomes pair up to form sister chromatids, which move to opposite ends of the cell. Finally, the chromosomes form new nuclei for the daughter cells during telophase.

Learn more about Molecular Biology & DNA

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between mitosis and binary fission?

    A:

    Both mitosis and binary fission are types of cell division, but mitosis occurs in cells with a nucleus (eukaryotic cells) while binary fission takes place in cells that lack a nucleus (prokaryotic cells). Mitosis is a more advanced and complex process than binary fission.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    Why do humans need mitosis?

    A:

    Humans and other multicellular organisms need mitosis to regenerate cells for both growth and repair. Mitosis is the process of cell division. Along with meiosis, it is one of the key parts to the creation of offspring, wound healing and growth in adolescent children.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    How do plant cells reproduce?

    A:

    Plant cells reproduce through mitosis—a form of cell division that causes the cell to split itself into two identical daughter cells. The plant itself reproduces through meiosis, which is another form of cell division that creates gametes with half the number of chromosomes as compared to the parent.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do mitosis and meiosis compare and contrast?

    A:

    Mitosis is the division of a cell to create two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis forms daughter cells that are different than the parent cell. Mitosis is a means of replacing old cells; meiosis forms sex cells, or gametes.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore