Proper solid waste management reduces health risks to the public and lessens adverse environmental impacts, such as air, water and land pollution. Some generally accepted methods of waste disposal include using landfills, recovering and recycling, composting, incinerating and minimizing wastes.
Solid waste is generated on a daily basis in bulk quantities. The sources of solid waste include organic household waste, toxic chemicals from industrial plants, agricultural waste and medical waste. Proper solid waste management techniques should be implemented to avoid the transmission of infectious diseases and prevent the contamination of various environmental resources. Some common practices that the average person can do to help in the proper disposal of waste include segregation of waste into biodegradable and non-biodegradable matter. Any recyclable materials can also be set aside to be reused for other purposes.