What is the difference between cytokinesis and mitosis?


Quick Answer

Mitosis and cytokinesis differ in that mitosis the process in which a duplicated genome within a cell separates into identical halves, while cytokinesis involves the division of cellular cytoplasm into two daughter cells. Although both processes produce offspring cells, the cells produced during mitosis are identical, while those produced by cytokinesis are not. These processes also vary in length and complexity: mitosis occurs in three distinct phases, while cytokinesis requires just two.

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Full Answer

Mitosis and cytokinesis both take place within the cells of living organisms, including microbes, unicellular organisms, plants and animals and human beings. Regardless of where they take place, mitosis and cytokinesis always produce two offspring: never more, and never less. Mitosis begins with the Interphase, which is followed by two stages of Karyokinesis. Cytokinesis, on the other hand, begins with the division of a cell cytoplasm into two equal parts: this division creates two daughter cells, each with its own nucleus and cell walls. The next phase of cytokinesis involves the distribution of cellular organelles (including structures and an exchange of genes and DNA from parent cells) to both daughter cells. At the end of the mitosis process, the two nuclei produced remain enclosed in a single cell, but cytokinesis produces two separate nuclei that are enclosed in two separate cells.

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