Jupiter gets its name from the most powerful god in Roman mythology. The king of all other gods, Jupiter is the equivalent of Zeus in Greek mythology. It was the largest visible object in the night sky during the time of the Roman Empire, and thus named after its most important deity.Continue Reading
Jupiter has held many names and titles throughout history, though the most influential in modern times is that which originated from Roman mythology. Jupiter has been attributed with wine harvests and was hailed as the god of the sky, in addition to the god of thunder. In later times, the planet and deity were thought to influence the outcomes of battles, earning Jupiter a new title: the god of war.
Jupiter was the name under which oaths were taken and sacred offerings made, and was a symbol of the central authority of the Roman Empire. Ceremonial clothing and decorations for important political and religious events were often adorned with Jupiter's likeness.
Humans today know that Jupiter does live up to its name in many ways. It is the largest planet in the solar system and also protects Earth by deflecting and capturing comets and asteroids that would otherwise enter the inner solar system. The giant gas planet also helps to stabilize the orbits of the other planets, bringing a tenuous balance to the solar system as whole.Learn more about Planets
No one knows when Jupiter was discovered. The planet was known to the ancients and named after the chief god of the Romans. However, it's believed that the Chinese astronomer Gan De discovered one of Jupiter's many moons in 362 B.C. Jupiter's rings were discovered in 1979 by Voyager I.Full Answer >
Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet in the solar system. It was named after the chief Roman god. It is a gas giant composed of liquid and gaseous matter, and has many moons. Some of the storms in its atmosphere have lasted hundreds of years.Full Answer >
Jupiter completes one full rotation on its axis every 9.9 hours. It completes a full rotation faster than any other planet in the Solar System.Full Answer >
Jupiter is, on average, very cold. The average global temperature of the planet is negative 234 degrees Fahrenheit. However, there are areas of the upper atmosphere that can get hot, reaching up to 1,340 degrees F, and the core of the planet could be up to 43,000 degrees F.Full Answer >