The density of white sugar, or table sugar, is 1.59 grams per cubic centimeter. Table sugar has the chemical formula of C12H22O11. Sugar's molecular weight is 342.296 grams per mole.
The melting point of this compound is 365.9 degrees Fahrenheit. Sugar is soluble in water and methanol, but it is insoluble in ethyl ether.
Another name for table sugar is sucrose, which is a disaccharide. A disaccharide is a carbohydrate or sugar type that consists of monosaccharides. In the case of sucrose, fructose and glucose are the two monosaccharides that condense to form this disaccharide. Monosaccharides are simple sugars.
The manufacture of table sugar involves the processing of substances like beet or sugar canes. Another substance that has sucrose is maple sugar.