Decomposers are important because they are crucial for the proper functioning of ecosystems. They recycle the minerals found in dead plants and animals back into the food chain. Ecosystems do not waste energy or materials, and as such, the decomposers capitalize on any remaining energy in a dead organism and make the minerals available to the entire biome.Continue Reading
Without the actions of decomposers, ecosystems would quickly grind to a halt. The green plants, which start the food chain, are unable to grow without nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. These minerals are released into the environment when decomposers digest their food.
Most decomposers are bacteria. However, many other types of decomposers do exist, including earthworms, protozoans, fungi and millipedes. Earthworms, for example, crawl through leaf litter and soil eating the remains of dead leaves and other organic matter. The earthworms catabolize the energy-rich molecules and excrete the inorganic compounds. In this way, earthworms essentially produce soil.
Fungi are very important decomposers as well. Many grow in wounded, sick or dying trees. Fungi normally exist as tiny filaments that largely remain out of sight in the soil or within the wood of a tree. However, at certain times, the filaments produce a reproductive structure, known as a mushroom. Sometimes, these mushrooms are visible growing from the soil or out of the wood of a decaying tree.Learn more about Biology
Insects, earthworms, fungi and bacteria form the key decomposers of the Savanna biome. Decomposers are organisms that help to break down organic matter, making nutrients available in the ecosystem.Full Answer >
Decomposers break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so, convert their basic materials into forms more useful to the biological community, particularly plants. The main decomposers in the environment include bacteria, fungi and worms. Each of these plays a different, but overlapping, role in decomposition.Full Answer >
Fungi, worms, bacteria, snails and slugs are all types of decomposers. Decomposers get the nutrients they need by eating dead and decaying materials. These organisms keep ecosystems healthy by ensuring plants get the nutrients they need to survive.Full Answer >
The decomposers of a savanna biome include bacteria, fungi, earthworms and insects. These decomposers break down organic material, which then frees up essential nutrients for the rest of the organisms in the biome.Full Answer >