Decomposers in a coniferous forest include fungi, worms, protozoans, nematodes and soil bacteria. Mites and Collembola insects feed on some organic matter, although they are not the primary decomposers.Continue Reading
The two most important decomposers in a coniferous forest are bacteria and fungi. While earthworms do decompose matter, they are more present in deciduous forests because they mainly feed on deciduous leaves, of which there are few in a coniferous forest.
Some insects also help to decompose matter, though they are secondary to bacteria and fungi. Termites, bark beetles, wood borers and ants feed on decomposing matter, but, more importantly, they scatter or fragment this matter around the forest.
Decomposition occurs either in aerobic or anaerobic, oxygen or oxygen-free, environments. In anaerobic environments, bacteria are the main decomposers, because the other decomposers require oxygen. The process usually takes longer with only bacteria to break down the organic matter.
In aerobic environments, oxygen is present, making fungus the primary decomposer. During the decomposition process, the fungus produces cellulase, an enzyme that breaks down organic matter into simpler forms of sugar. Ectomycorrhizal fungi live at the base of certain fir trees and decompose the litter that falls to the ground. Shelf fungus grows on trees and slowly feeds on the living tree, breaking it down into simple organic matter.Learn more about Environmental Science
Decomposers include certain types of bacteria, worms, slugs, snails and fungi. All of these organisms break down or eat dead or decomposing organisms to help carry out the process of decomposition. They are the last step in the food chain, which recycles nutrients and breaks down wastes and organic matter in the ecosystem.Full Answer >
Fungi and bacteria are primary decomposers. Different types of worms, mushrooms, termites, snails and slugs are also considered to be decomposers. Decomposers break down the organic matter in the dead bodies of plants and animals.Full Answer >
The major decomposers on the African Savannah are the African land snail, the African dung beetle, mushrooms/fungi and bacteria. Decomposers play an important part of the Savannah's ecosystem. They eat dead and decaying organic matter such as grass and animal carcasses, and the matter is digested and released back into the soil where it fertilizes new plants.Full Answer >
Some decomposers that are found in the Arctic are bacteria and fungi. In a food chain, decomposers are organisms that can break down dead organic matter, such as plants and animals. Bacteria are the smallest type of decomposers.Full Answer >