What Is the Current Model of an Atom Called?

The current model of atomic theory is called the Quantum Mechanical Model, otherwise known as the Electron Cloud Model. This current atomic model evolved from the earlier Rutherford-Bohr model, which compared electrons orbiting an atomic nucleus to planets orbiting the sun. The newest understanding of atomic makeup in the Electron Cloud Model better represents observed atomic phoneme since the Bohr model rose to prominence.

Whereas the Bohr model sees atoms being orbited by electrons, the Quantum Mechanical or Electron Cloud model explains that the atomic nucleus is surrounded by probability “clouds” of electrons called orbital. This is a better representation of the actual quantum physics of atomic structure.