What Is a Climate Region?

A climate region is a zone on the weather map that runs from the east to the west around the Earth and that has a distinct climate. These regions can be classified using different climatic parameters.

Also referred to as a climate zone, these regions look like thick belts that are circular around the poles. In areas where there are mountains, oceans and other landforms, these climate zones can be interrupted. The climate in these areas vary by temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, precipitation and wind.

There are four different climate zones, which include the cold zone, tempered zone, subtropical and tropical zones. The tropical zone is located near the equator. It is usually warm year-round with high humidity. There is also frequent and dense cloud cover. The subtropics receive the most radiation from the sun. This area contains most of the world’s deserts. The temperate zone is cooler than the subtropics and there are four distinct seasons. There is also a regular amount of precipitation throughout the year. The cold zone is located along the extreme north and south poles. These areas receive the least amount of the sun’s radiation and plants can only live and grow a few months out of the year. Conditions for life are extremely difficult.