Q:

Is citric acid ionic or covalent?

A:

Quick Answer

Citric acid is a covalent, or molecular, compound because it contains single and double covalent bonds formed by the sharing of pairs of electrons between different atoms. The molecular formula of citric acid is C6H8O7.

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Full Answer

Citric acid is a weak organic acid used as a flavoring and acidifying agent in culinary preparations. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and lends a sour taste to these fruits. It is a white crystalline substance at room temperature with a melting point of 313 degrees Fahrenheit. The molar mass of citric acid is 192.12 grams per mole. It is widely used as a preservative, and more than a million tons are produced every year through fermentation.

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